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Bishkek Baatyr

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Bishkek baatyr (Er Kobok uulu Buta) - (1700 - 1755-57) - in the 18th century in the war with the Dzungarian (Oirot) invaders, he was the commander of the Kyrgyz army. He united Kyrgyz heroes such as Berdike Baatyr, Er Sadyr Baatyr, Itim Baatyr, Satyk

Bishkek baatyr was born on September 10, 1700 in the Aksy valley, in Toskool-Ata (Sary-Chelek), in the Saruu tribe, in the family of Erkobok baatyr and his wife Botokoz. His father, Er Kobok baatyr, was killed in the Alai valley fighting against the Dzungarian conquerors, never seeing the birth of his son.

The year was 1700. Bishkek's father, baatyr Er Kobok, at the head of the Kyrgyz army, fought against the Dzungarian conquerors, while his wife Botokoz gives birth to a son. Unfortunately, on the birthday of his son, Er Kobok dies at the hands of well-aimed enemy shooters without knowing about the birth of the heir.

Bishkek baatyr is brought up by Japasur's brother - Kachak baatyr (Kolo baatyr). He had a wise advisor, Nasip Kaler (Sufi), who studied in Bukhara, was engaged in religious education, medicine, was an astrologer and astronomer. He, seeing the newborn, predicts that the baby will become a real baatyr, who will lead numerous troops and free the Kyrgyz lands from the invasions of enemies. Hearing that Er Kobok was killed in the war, the calendar with the words: "They broke a tree - there is a branch" ("Chynar synsa - chyrpyk bar"), gives the child the name Butak (branch). Kachak baatyr, and all his entourage take care of the child, affectionately calling Buta.
Bishkek baatyr lived during the period of such noble Dzungar khuntaichi (kings) as Tsevan-Rabdan (1697-1727), Galdan-Tseren (1727-1745), Tsevan-Dorzhi (1745-1749), Lama-Dorzhi (1749-1753), Dabachi (1753-1755), Amursan (1755-1757), having fought with their armies, especially showed himself during the liberation, and then in the defense of not only Kyrgyz, but also neighboring Kazakh, Uzbek, Persian, Kashkar lands. When in 1745 the Dzungarian huntaychi Galdan-Tseren died, a 50,000-strong army of Kyrgyz, Kazakhs, Uzbeks, Uighurs and Farses (Tajiks) led by Bishkek Baatyr conquered their royal capital Arkalyk, beheading their strongest noyons such as Dzhangchikhan, Erentsen , Kenze, Menkedorzhi, Chomuchin, Naran, and the surviving Dzungars retreated towards Kulja with heavy losses. After the city of Arkalyk was liberated from the Dzungars, it was unanimously decided to assign the city a new name in honor of their dominant baatyr Bishkek.
There are two versions of the death of Bishkek Baatyr. The first of them: in 1755, after the last battle with the Dzungars, while clearing the land from corpses and ruins, 7-8 hired assassins of the Chinese emperor Qiang-Long, dressed as merchants, were suddenly shot from a bow, and Bishkek baatyr, falling from a horse, died in place. According to another version, at the moment of the last battle, Bishkek baatyr, having surrounded the invaders from all sides, waged a fierce struggle with his army, destroying everyone in the way, at this time the two best archers of the Dzungars shoot at Bishkek several times, he dies from the received mortal wounds.

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Region: Bishkek
Category: Cultural site

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