The realistic prose of the writer is imbued with the ideas of humanism and great love for all living things - people, wild and domestic animals, plants and the entire planet Earth.
Chyngyz Torekulovich Aitmatov was born on December 12, 1928 into the family of communists Torekul Aitmatov and Nagima Khamzievna Aitmatova in the village of Sheker, Talas province, Kirghiz SSR. His father was repressed in 1937; the future writer was brought up by his grandmother; his first impressions of life were associated with the national Kyrgyz way of life. The family spoke both Kyrgyz and Russian, and this determined the bilingual nature of Aitmatov's work.
Chyngyz had to face real people's life: his work experience began at the age of 10, and from the age of 14 he had to work as secretary of the ailsoviet (Village council), solving the most complex issues of life in the greater village.
In his works, Aitmatov was a master of psychological portraiture; his heroes were spiritually strong, human and active people. The writer's prose was characterized by sincerity of intonation and poetry combined with the ability to authentically portray images of ordinary people and their everyday lives.
He graduated with honors from the Dzhambul Zootechnicum in 1948 and from the Frunze Agricultural Institute in 1953.
In 1958, Aitmatov graduated from the Higher Literature Courses in Moscow.
He first appeared in print in 1952 with a story in Russian "Gazetchik Dziudo".
In 1958, the magazine "October" published his story "Face to Face", then his stories were published in the magazine "New World".
World fame Aitmatov brought the story "Djamilya" (1958), which was first published in France in a translation by Louis Aragon.
In 1959-1965 Aitmatov was editor-in-chief of "Literary Kyrgyzstan" magazine, at the same time working as a correspondent of "Pravda" newspaper in the Kyrgyz Republic of the USSR.
The story "Farewell, Gulsary! (1968) brought the author the State Prize.
From 1988-1990, Aitmatov served as editor-in-chief of the journal Foreign Literature.
From 1994 to March 2008, he served as Kyrgyzstan's ambassador to France, Belgium, Luxembourg, and the Netherlands.
More than 20 films were made based on his works.
On June 10, 2008 he died in a clinic in the German city of Nuremberg and was buried in the cemetery Ata-Beit ("Rest for the Fathers") on the outskirts of Bishkek.
IN REMEMBRANCE Of CHINGIZ AITMATOV:
Chingiz Aitmatov's creativity and social activities were marked by numerous awards. In 1978 he was awarded the title of Hero of Socialist Labor, winner of the Lenin Prize (1963), and the State Prize of the USSR (1968, 1977, 1983). Among his state awards are two Orders of Lenin, the Order of the October Revolution, two Orders of the Red Banner of Labor, the Order of Friendship of Peoples and the Order of Friendship. He was also awarded the badge "Ak-Shumkar" of the Hero of Kyrgyzstan, the Kyrgyz Order "Manas" of the first degree, awards of several foreign countries.
The central square of the capital of Kyrgyzstan, Oak Park, where the Eternal Flame and the monument to the soldiers of the 1917 revolution are located, as well as the State National Russian Drama Theater, are named after the writer.
In August 2011 a 6.5 meter high bronze monument to Chingiz Aitmatov was installed in the central square of Bishkek.
A monument to Aitmatov was also installed in Cholpon-Ata, Issyk-Kul region.
On November 14, 2013, a memorial to the writer was opened in Bishkek in the "Ata-Beyit" complex.
It was fate that he should find eternal rest in Ata-Beyit, the "Grave of the Fathers". Chingiz Torekulovich Aitmatov, the great writer of the Kyrgyz land, the national pride and glory.